horse feed recall Cargill aflatoxin

Cargill Expands Recall of Animal, Equine Feed Due to High Levels of Aflatoxin; Eighty-Four Southern States Brands Affected

Cargill Inc. announced the recall of an astounding number of additional brands of animal feed this week, including horse feed, due to elevated aflatoxin levels. Aflatoxin is a toxin found on moldy crops that if ingested can kill animals. Cargill’s is expanding its recall to include an additional eighty-four Southern States feed brands, including eleven equine horse feed formulas, due to aflatoxin levels that exceed FDA’s action levels. This is an expansion of the recall initiated May 6, 2019.

HOW BAD ARE AFLATOXINS?

All mammals and poultry exposed to high levels of aflatoxin are at risk for acute and chronic adverse effects and health consequences across all species and age classes. Immature animals are more sensitive to aflatoxins. Young, newly weaned, pregnant, and lactating animals require special protection from suspected toxic feeds. When consumed by animals, the results can be detrimental, causing toxicity or even death. Aflatoxicosis may cause various toxicological problems such as neurological issues, liver failure, kidney failure, and cardiac failure.

Clinical signs associated with acute aflatoxicosis include anorexia, elevated temperature, increased heart, and respiratory rates, ataxia, depression, lethargy, convulsions, icterus, colic and abdominal straining, bloody feces, and death.

Approximately two times, the tolerable levels stated in the Merck Veterinary Manual is likely to cause clinical disease, including some mortality. Dietary levels as low as 10–20 ppb result in measurable metabolites of aflatoxin.

WHAT ABOUT AFLATOXICOSIS IN HORSES?

There are reported signs of toxic hepatopathy and gastrointestinal upset in horses that consume feed containing 2 to 50 ppb of aflatoxin. The onset of symptoms can begin as early as 4 hours after dosing, and deaths occurred from 68 hours to 32 days after intoxication. An additional sign observed in a naturally occurring instance of toxicosis was subcutaneous hemorrhages. The acute oral LD50 of aflatoxin in horses is reported to be 2 mg/kg or greater. 

WHERE WAS THE FEED SOLD?

Cargill has received several adverse event reports and as such Cargill is expanding the scope of the recall.

The animal feed is being recalled from retail outlets and distributors in twenty states across America; specifically Alabama, Connecticut, Delaware, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, New Jersey, New York, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas, Vermont, Virginia, and West Virginia markets.

WHAT SHOULD YOU DO?

Consumers with animals who have consumed products referenced in the table and are exhibiting these symptoms should contact their veterinarian immediately.

If your animal is experiencing any adverse health consequences related to the feeding of the recalled feed notify the FDA immediately of the problem.

WHAT IS BEING RECALLED?

The expansion includes products manufactured between October 31, 2018, and March 1, 2019. To view the label for each product, click on the link in the table below that corresponds to that product.

Note: The equine specific feeds are marked in boldface type because my readers, in general, do not own livestock.

Product Size Lot Codes 2018 Lot Codes 2019 Product Code Species Dates Made Shelf Life (Days)
Record Rack Deer Corn (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 10263_ Deer 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Country Road Whole Corn (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 1187_ All Stock 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 190904_35 Dairy Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 197904_38 Dairy Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Calf Developer® Plus (DEC) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 511810_ Dairy Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States 18% Fast Start TCR (BVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 511920_ Beef Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Intensity 22% Calf Starter (BVT/CF) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 511961_ Dairy Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States Intensity 22% Calf Starter (BVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 511973_ Dairy Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States All Grain Start-N-Grow (CN)External Link Disclaimer 25 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523500_25 Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States All Grain Meat Bird Maker (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523511_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States All Grain Layer and Breeder (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523520_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States All Grain Layer and Breeder (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523521_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Traditions Poultry Maintainer (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523530_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Traditions 2-Grain Scratch (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523540_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Traditions 2-Grain Scratch (CN)External Link Disclaimer 25 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523540_25 Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Traditions Chick Start & Grow (AMP) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523600_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Traditions Chick Start & Grow (AMP) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 25 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523600_25 Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Super Breeder (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523610_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States 21% Natural Layer/Breeder (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523612_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Sporting Bird Starter (AVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523620_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Sporting Bird Flight Developer (BMD) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523630_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Custom Formula 21% Gamebird Breeder (BMD) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523760_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula 24% Gamebird Developer (BMD) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 523770_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula Pigeon Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 524024_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula EMU Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 524740_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula Pullet Developer Chicken Feed (AMP) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 525149_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula Pullet Developer Chicken Feed (AMP) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 525150_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula Pullet Developer Chicken Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 525151_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Flock Balancer 20% Booster (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 525430_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Traditions Egg Layer Poultry Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 527110_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Traditions Egg Layer Poultry Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 527111_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula 18% Turkey Grower (FEN) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 527540_ Poultry 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
LTD 12% Sweet Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 550280_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States® Reliance (P) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 553265_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States® Reliance (T) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 553285_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States Legends® Sport Horse External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 553943_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States Legends® Sport Horse Plus External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 553944_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States Legends® Growth Pelleted External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 553945_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Legends® Growth Textured External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 553946_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States® Triple 10 (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 554270_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States® Solution (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 554290_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Select™ Plus (P) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 554610_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Select™ Plus (T) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 554611_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States Select™ Stock (P) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 554620_ All Stock 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Select™ Stock (T) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 554621_ All Stock 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Carson’s Deer Pellet (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 556210_ Deer 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States All Grain Start-N-Grow Pig Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 561531_ Swine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States All Grain Grow-N-Finish Pig Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 561620_ Swine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States 20% Sow & Pig Ration (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 563410_ Swine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States All Grain Sow & Pig Complete (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 563430_ Swine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Safe-Guard 0.5% Dewormer (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 569590_ All Stock 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 180
Southern States 13% Show Calf Feed (BVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 570890_ Beef Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States Traditions Beef Blend (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 570901_ Beef Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States 16% Sweet Goat Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 571800_ Goat 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States 17% Goat Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 571810_ Goat 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States 17% Goat Feed (DEC) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 571820_ Goat 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States 17% Goat Feed (RUM) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 571821_ Goat 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States 15% Meat Goat Feed (DEC) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 571940_ Goat 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Sheep Feed Pellets (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 572610_ Sheep 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Hi-Energy Lamb Starter & Grower (BVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 572670_ Sheep 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Wildlife Corn W/Molasses (CN)External Link Disclaimer 40 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 573510_40 All Stock 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States Genetic Expression® 14% Jump Start (BVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 573760_ Beef Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Grow-N-Show Lamb Feed (BVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 574301_ Sheep 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States Genetic Expression® Bull Ration (RUM) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 574711_ Beef Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula Goat Feed (RUM) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 575225_ Goat 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Whole Corn (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 591150_ All Stock 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Coarse Screened Cracked Corn (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 591180_ All Stock 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Fine Screened Cracked Corn (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 591200_ All Stock 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States AS-700 2G Crumbles (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 599630_ Beef Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 180
Southern States Aureo 4G Crumbles (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 599650_ Cattle & Sheep 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 180
Southern States Show Lamb Mix Pellet (BVT) External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 599681_ Sheep 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 180
Southern States Custom Formula 23 tons (all purchased by a single customer) None N9039 and N9046 190904_K1 Dairy Cattle 2/8/19-2/15/19 30
Southern States Custom Formula 2 tons (all purchased by a single customer) None N9037 524326 Poultry 2/6/2019 30
Southern States 18% Fast Start TCR (BVT/CF) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 511923_ Beef & Dairy Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States 16% Dairy Primer (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 514600_ Dairy Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Nutra-Plus 10G (Aureo) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 517060_ Beef Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 180
LTD Maintenance Horse FeedExternal Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 550290_ Equine 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States 14% Llama/Alpaca Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 556190_ Llama 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Imperial Whitetail Results® (CN)External Link Disclaimer 40 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 557170_40 Deer 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Custom Formula Goat Feed (DEC) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 575224_ Goat 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Revitalize 18% Complete (RUM) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 519561_ Beef & Dairy Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Genetic Expression® 16% Powerstroke (BVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 572262_ Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Traditions Beef Blend (BVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 570902_ Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90
Southern States Calf Developer® Plus (DEC/CF) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 511811_ Beef & Dairy Cattle 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 60
Southern States Hi-Energy Lamb Starter & Grower (DEC) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8304 through N8365 N9001 through N9060 572650_DX Lamb 10/31/18 – 3/1/19 90

Additionally, the following previously recalled affected products were also manufactured and sold in the eastern United States and removed from retail shelves throughout February, March, and April 2019.

Product Size Lot Code Product Code Species Date Made Shelf Life (Days)
Southern States Traditions 2-Grain Scratch (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8313 523540 Poultry 11/9/2018 90
Southern States Flock Balancer 20% Booster (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8352 525430 Poultry 12/18/2018 90
Southern States Calf Developer Plus (DEC) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N8354 511810 Dairy Cattle 12/20/2018 60
Southern States Sheep Feed Pellets (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N9035 572610 Sheep 2/4/2019 90
Southern States Sporting Bird Flight Developer (BMD) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N9035 523630 Poultry 2/4/2019 90
Southern States Genetic Expression 14% Jump Start (BVT) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N9035 573760 Beef Cattle 2/4/2019 90
Southern States Custom Formula 2 tons (all purchased by a single customer) N9037 None Poultry 2/6/2019 30
Southern States Traditions Chick Start & Grow (AMP) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N9039 523600 Poultry 2/8/2019 90
Southern States Custom Formula 23 tons (all purchased by a single customer) N9039 None Dairy Cattle 2/8/2019 30
Southern States 16% Sweet Goat Feed (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N9043 571800 Goat 2/12/2019 60
Southern States Triple 10 (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N9043 554270 Equine 2/12/2019 60
Southern States Coarse Screened Cracked Corn (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N9045 591180 All Stock 2/14/2019 90
Southern States Intensity 22% Calf Starter (BVT/CF) (CN)External Link Disclaimer 50 lb N9045 511961 Dairy Cattle 2/14/2019 60
Southern States All Grain Start-N-Grow (CN)External Link Disclaimer 25 lb N9053 523500 Poultry 2/22/2019 90
             

WHO SHOULD YOU CONTACT?

Consumers and other end users who have any of the affected lots in their possession should return the remaining product to their local dealer or retailer for a replacement or full refund. For more information, call Cargill’s Customer Service line at 833-224-2003, which is available 24×7.

WHERE SHOULD YOU GO TO FIND OUT MORE INFORMATION?

To find out more information about aflatoxin, or mycotoxins in general, and other chemical hazards, visit the FDA’s website. FDA guidelines for acceptable aflatoxin level in corn is referenced in the FDA Compliance Policy Guide CPG Sec. 683.100 Action Levels for Aflatoxins in Animal Feeds. 

To learn more about aflatoxicosis through peer-reviewed journals, visit Science Direct and visit Merck’s Veterinary Manual.

Find a full list of Cargill’s affected products visit the FDA recalls and announcements page.

WILL YOU HELP POISONED PETS?

Incredible as it may seem, I do this work on a completely voluntary basis. It truly is a labor of love, one which I am proud to say is not affiliated with any public or private institution. Nor do I sell, advertise or promote pet product. Instead, I depend entirely on the kindness of pet parents – just like you.

So, if you appreciate the work I do, please consider making a donation to me.

Help keep Poisoned Pets strong by helping me help pet parents the world over by making a – even a small –

donation today

Thank you.

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Mollie Morrissette

Mollie Morrissette, author of Poisoned Pets, is an animal food safety expert and advisor to AAFCO. Help support her work by making a donation today.

Comments (8) Write a comment

  1. The title has a major typo in it: “eight-four”…that is not a number. :) Very confusing to leave it written as-is. Should read “eighty-four” — please correct it. Thanks.

    Reply

  2. If this recall went out May 6th why is Tractor Supply still selling it??? How are we supposed to protect our animals if they pay no attention to recalls

    Reply

  3. Cargill is a HUGE corporation involved in many foods throughout the world — with their wherewithal and power, how can MISTAKES like this — life & death mistakes — be made? — How can you justify dropping the ball like this over and over again — to think of the suffering, the torturous premature deaths …. — is it any wonder consumers are MAKING/COOKING their own food? — moreover, GO VEGAN! — GO VEGAN! — GO VEGAN! — GO VEGAN!

    Reply

    • “GO VEGAN” — ??? I hope to God that you don’t mean PETS should go vegan. That would kill them, slowly, painfully…just as cruelly as if they had eaten a Darwin’s meal! Veganism is not a valid option for our pets, not ever. Hear that? NOT EVER.

      Reply

  4. This is awful. They know this. Grains are tested plus We eat the end product.
    And it makes you wonder where the recalled product will end up again. Highly likely in dog food instead of at a destruction company :(

    Reply

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